Often called 'The Little Grey Fergie'. Vintage Ferguson F35 tractor dry stored in farm building 'Little Grey Ferguson' tractor, dating from , in farm condition. Detail of a Ferguson 35 tractor engine Ferguson Tractor Vintage Massey Ferguson tractor in an old anderson shelter type barn Massey Ferguson Tractor Classic Ferguson tractors on display at a steam and vintage fair.
March Ferguson 35 engine Driving position of a restored Ferguson 35 vintage tractor. The model name came from Tractor, England 20 horsepower  not the true power delivered but from a formula based on engine size. The TE range of Ferguson tractors was introduced in England in ,  following 30 years of continuous development of 'The Ferguson System' from The first work was to design a plough and linkage to integrate the tractor with its work in a manner that was an engineering whole.
The automatic control system is now employed by almost all tractor manufacturers worldwide. A British patent was applied for by Harry Ferguson in and granted the following year. By the early s the linkage design was finalised and is now adopted as international standard category I. Just one prototype Ferguson System tractor, known as the Ferguson Black, was built to further technical development and for demonstrating to potential manufacturers.
During the first production Ferguson tractors were built in Huddersfield , Yorkshire, by the David Brown Company.
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This tractor, the Ferguson Model 'A', incorporated Harry Ferguson's 'suction side' hydraulic control system, the key to solving sensitive automatic control of three point mounted implements and patented on 5 February patent no The combination of Ferguson's converging three point hitch, patented on 3 July patent no with his 'suction side control' valve is the key to the success of all subsequent Ferguson and later Massey Ferguson 'Ferguson System' tractors, the most important of which are the TE and TO 20 models.
It was the production of the Model 'A' that led in to the David Brown line of tractors. In order to get volume production with lower costs, following a demonstration of his tractor before Henry Ford Senior in October , Ferguson made a gentlemen's agreement or also referred to as the handshake agreement with Ford to produce the Ferguson tractor in Detroit starting in mid During the war years the Ferguson design team developed many improvements to both tractor and implements and started to make arrangements to manufacture in the United Kingdom.
The agreement with Ford in was to include production at the Ford plant at Dagenham , Essex, but the UK Ford company would not do it.
As well as allowing Ferguson to get his tractor into full production, the deal was of great benefit to Standard as the tractor would be built in its huge ' shadow factory ' which had been an aero engine plant during World War II but was now standing empty. Standard developed a new wet-liner engine for the tractor, which would in turn be used in Standard's road cars, such as the Vanguard.
Production started in the late summer of , nearly a year before the last Ford Ferguson came off the line in Detroit in June At the time of its introduction the Ferguson three-point linkage was unique to the TE20, and to gain the full utility of the tractor the farmer also had to purchase specially-designed implements to work with the tractor.
Ferguson initially designed and manufactured a range of implements for the TE20 in-house, but as the tractor's popularity spread other manufacturers began designing their own machinery for the TE20 in agricultural, industrial, construction and horticultural applications. The idea that the three-point linkage made the tractor and its implement into a single mechanised unit was marketed as 'The Ferguson System', presenting a wholly new and entirely mechanised form of agriculture.
By there were over 60 official Ferguson implements for the TE20, many of which had not been seen in mechanised tractor-mounted form before.